The introduction of high-throughput laboratory methods has greatly increased the pace of research into the genetics of complex diseases. Instead of focusing only on one or a few coding variants in a small sample of individuals, the ability to accurately and efficiently genotype many individuals and to cover more of the variation within individual genes has resulted in genetic studies with greater statistical power. Laboratory Methods for High-Throughput Genotyping, from Howard Edenberg and Yunlong Liu at the University of Indiana, presents an overview of the commonly used methods for high-throughput single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping for different stages of genetic studies and briefly reviews some of the high-throughput sequencing methods just coming into use. The authors also discuss recent developments in “next-generation” sequencing that will enable other kinds of studies. The article is excerpted from the recently published Genetics of Complex Human Diseases laboratory manual. It is featured in the November issue of Cold Spring Harbor Protocols, and like all our featured articles, is freely available to subscribers and non-subscribers alike.