Phage-based E. coli homologous recombination systems have been extensively developed in recent years, and these recombination-mediated genetic engineering (“recombineering”) methods are now the preferred technique for carrying out genetic modifications in chromosomes and plasmids. Recombineering is efficient and precise and circumvents many of the problems of traditional genetic engineering methods, primarily the need to locate specific restriction enzyme sites. Construction of Gene-Targeting Vectors by Recombineering, from Pentao Liu and colleagues at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute gives detailed instructions for using recombineering to construct targeting vectors for the generation of conditional knockout mice. As one of September’s Featured Articles in Cold Spring Harbor Protocols, the method is freely available to subscribers and non-subscribers alike.